Un-Common Milkweed

Most of us grew up with the knowledge that Common Milkweed is poisonous. We were taught that one of the only creatures that can eat Milkweed is the Monarch Butterfly Caterpillar.  By eating the leaves, the Monarch ingest the poison becoming toxic itself. This self-defence mechanism makes the grubby bugger unappetizing to predators making its demise less likely.

Monarch catipillar

Monarch Butterfly Caterpillar

The knowledge that we grew up with was dead on accurate…but…it was only part of the story.  There is a lot more to Milkweed than being a nursery for butterflies. Milkweed might be one of the most useful plants we have.

First let’s get past the poison white sap.  Though it is true that the sap is not for human consumption, that doesn’t mean the whole plant can’t be turned into fine dining. There are actually 3 stages that the milkweed goes through where we can make use of its nutrition.

First- When the young shoots first appear in Spring:  Make sure it is Common Milkweed (other varieties are less palatable and not recommended) and not Dogbane for instance. Always know 100% what you have and that you know how to use it.  The young shoots can be harvested before they leaf out. Use them like you would asparagus. (see note below)

Second- The flower heads, when budded or opened, make an amazing broccoli substitute. The taste is similar, but the Milkweed has a bit of a floral taste. Very good!

Note: Here is the deal with preparing Milkweed shoots and flowers. Many poisons in plants have compounds that are soluble in alcohol or oils. Others have compounds that are soluble in water. When the compounds dissolve, they leach from the plant tissue and create a solution containing the poison compound. Some plants of course have various poisonous compounds in which some are alcohol based and others are water based. Those plants would have to be processed in water and then an alcohol to leach all of their poisons.

milkweed in bloom

Milkweed in full bloom.

There are also some plants, such as Poison Hemlock, that are so toxic, that there is no rendering them edible. That is not the case with Milkweed which contains several glucosidic substances called cardenolides. Common milkweed is slightly toxic to humans, but only if eaten in large amounts, according to the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center at Ohio State University. If you eat large amounts of improperly prepared milkweed of any species, you may experience bloating, fever, difficulty breathing, dilated pupils and muscle spasms, and the result can be fatal.

The key there is “large amounts of improperly prepared Milkweed”.  Meaning you can consume a pretty large amount (way more than you could eat without being gluttonous) so long as you cook it properly. Cooking it properly is easy.  The toxins in Milkweed are water-soluble. Simply boil the shoots or flower heads in clean water for a minute or so. You will notice that the water turns very dark green. Drain that water and dispose. Boil the Milkweed again for a minute. The water will still be green, but not as dark. Again, strain and discard the water. Boil a third time and drain. Again, discard the water. This time, the water should have a tint of green but that’s about it. Add some butter, salt, pepper and I like a dash of vinegar…Yum.

It sounds like a lot of work, but it really isn’t. Use two pots. Put the Milkweed in one and cover with water. Turn stove on high. While that is heating and cooking, get another pot on with enough water to cover as well. When the Milkweed has boiled a minute or so, strain and dump into already boiling second pot. Meanwhile, refill the first pot with hot water and have it ready for the third boil. I like having a tea kettle on with water that boiled so it’s ready for the third boil. Really, the whole process is 10 minutes or less.

Now, the Third: The young pods. I know that kids love to have pod fights. I did growing up and even though it’s a waste of a great resource, every kid should get beamed in the noggin at least once by a Milkweed pod. It’s a part of growing up. But, there is a better use for the young pods…eat the contents. When 2″ long and less, the contents of the Milkweed pod can be quite delicious. Make sure the “feathers are tightly packed and not starting to fluff out. They should also be snow-white from top to bottom. If they start turning brown, they are too old.

Milkweed with pods

Milkweed with pods

I have eaten the real small ones raw. They are sorta bland, but otherwise pleasant. But they shine when soaked in a little milk, rolled in your favorite fish coating and deep-fried. They remind me of deep-fried mozzarella sticks. Oh yeah, that good.

I’m not finished. I am with eating the plant, but there are other uses. Here is a list of traditional medicinal uses from http://medicinalherbinfo.org :

Milkweed is useful for kidney problems, dropsy, scrofula, conditions of the bladder, water retention, asthma, stomach ailments, and gallstones, female disorders, arthritis, bronchitis. Causes increase in perspiration, thus reducing fever. Some Native Americans rubbed the (latex) juice on warts, moles, ringworms; others drank an infusion of the rootstock to produce temporary sterility or as a laxative. A folk cancer remedy.

Make sure you completely study medicinal uses before attempting them. It’s also a good idea to talk with a herbalist about how to use Milkweed.

Bet you think that’s it for this amazing plant. You would be wrong! The fibers were a favorite of Native Americans for making rope and netting.

Milkweed Cordage

Milkweed Cordage twisted by the author

The tall stems lose the milky latex as they dry out. You can strip the outer layer off in long strips and twist the fibers into strong cordage.

 

The Milkweed strips from the stem easily, It also rolls very easily making for pretty quick results. It is one of my favorite fibers to work with.

Another use is that the sap can be used as a simple glue. Much like Elmer, the sap dries fairly quickly. It isn’t going to make a strong bond, but it can help to lay down cordage fibers, or seal papers and plastics together.

Now to wrap it up. Milkweed has saved American lives! During WWII, children were encouraged to pick the maturing fluffy feather from the pods. That fluff is much more buoyant than cork. The Navy was running out of the stuffing they used in life preservers and depended on the Milkweed fibers to keep their sailors afloat. Not bad for a poisonous plant.

The next time you are out and about, have another look at the Milkweed plant. There is much more to it than saving the life of caterpillar.  Do yourself one more favor. When the Milkweed flower is in full bloom, take a close look at the flower itself. God had one more surprise for you. It is a fabulously complex structure that only He could have designed.

milkweed flowers magnified

Close up of the Common Milkweed Blossom

 

http://homeguides.sfgate.com/poisonous-milkweed-humans. All photos are the property of Nature’s Access and Jeffrey Yenior

 

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Mid Summers Best Wild Vegetable

It’s Mid July. It’s hot and humid. The sun has already dried up the Spring bounty. So what is there that makes foraging worth the effort this time of year?

How about one of the most nutritious vegetables known to man? What is known as food in other parts of the world like India or Pakistan is known here as a weed.

That is very unfortunate. In the U.S., people spend hours pulling this out of their garden only to make way for an inferior common vegetable.

So what is this wasted resource?    Purslane!!!

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Photo by  Z00Fari-Wiki Commons

Purslane is very easy to recognize. It has succulent leaves and grows in mats. You can find it pretty much anywhere where the soil has been disturbed. Lawns, gardens, sidewalks, etc. It is very prevalent in Urban areas. Literally no one in any city should be going hungry this time of year.

Purslane is excellent in a salad. You won’t even notice it being there as it doesn’t have much flavor. What flavor it does have is pleasant. It chews very nice with a good texture. It is smooth and juicy. It really isn’t bad at all on its own, raw. Some wild plants it’s like “yes, it’s good for you, but it taste like crap”. That’s not Purslane. As I mentioned, in other parts of the world, you can buy it at the market.

That’s actually how it came to America, as it is an introduced species. Brought over by immigrants because it was a valuable food source that they were familiar with.

Have a look at the nutrition information below from Nutrition And You.com.  Then consider harvesting this little succulent, rather than pitching it to make way for less nutritional veggies. Just as an example: Purslane has more Omega 3 fatty acids in it, than do many fish. So check it out and stop throwing it away.

Health Benefits of Purslane

  • This wonderful green leafy vegetable is very low in calories (just 16 kcal/100g) and fats; nonetheless, it is rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Fresh leaves contain surprisingly more omega-3 fatty acids (α-linolenic acid) than any other leafy vegetable plant. 100 grams of fresh purslane leaves provide about 350 mg of α-linolenic acid. Research studies show that consumption of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and help prevent the development of ADHD, autism, and other developmental differences in children.
  • It is an excellent source of Vitamin-A, (1320 IU/100 g, provides 44% of RDA) one of the highest among green leafy vegetables. Vitamin-A is a known powerful natural antioxidant and an essential vitamin for vision. It is also required to maintain healthy mucosa and skin. Consumption of natural vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin-A is known to help to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
  • Purslane is also a rich source of vitamin-C, and some B-complex vitamins like riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine and carotenoids, as well as dietary minerals, such as iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium, and manganese.
  • Furthermore, present in purslane are two types of betalain alkaloid pigments, the reddish β -cyanins, and the yellow β -xanthins. Both pigment types are potent antioxidants and have been found to have antimutagenic properties in laboratory studies. [Proc. West. Pharmacol. Soc. 45: 101-103 (2002)].
See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients: Purslane (Portulaca oleracea), raw, fresh, Nutritive value per 100 g. (Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 16 Kcal 1.5%
Carbohydrates 3.4 g 3%
Protein 1.30 g 2%
Total Fat 0.1 g 0.5%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Vitamins
Folates 12 µg 3%
Niacin 0.480 mg 3%
Pantothenic acid 0.036 mg 1%
Pyridoxine 0.073 mg 5.5%
Riboflavin 0.112 mg 8.5%
Thiamin 0.047 mg 4%
Vitamin A 1320 IU 44%
Vitamin C 21 mg 35%
Electrolytes
Sodium 45 mg 3%
Potassium 494 mg 10.5%
Minerals
Calcium 65 mg 6.5%
Copper 0.113 mg 12.5%
Iron 1.99 mg 25%
Magnesium 68 mg 17%
Manganese 0.303 mg 13%
Phosphorus 44 mg 6%
Selenium 0.9 µg 2%
Zinc 0.17 mg 1.5%

Don’t forget that you must 100% identify any wild plant that you use as food or medicine…NO EXCEPTIONS!

http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/purslane.html
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Compromise, The Eighth Deadly Sin

Compromise, as defined by Merriam-Webster:

: a way of reaching agreement in which each person or group gives up something that was wanted in order to end an argument or dispute

: something that combines the qualities of two different things

: a change that makes something worse and that is not done for a good reason

 Americans have been indoctrinated with the idea of compromise in the last few decades on a continuous basis.  It is the song being sung by politicians, news pundits and everyone else who has a view point.  But the question is, is compromise good for you and your America?

Look at the definition and break the idea down.  That’s the only way to answer the question. Merriam-Webster provides three different definitions on it which I provided above.

Take the first one.  “A way of reaching agreement in which each person or group gives up something that was wanted in order to end an argument or dispute.”  If for instance the people involved are 10 year olds disagreeing as to who is the cowboy and who is the Indian, then compromise might come in handy.  Compromise, take turns.  If the question at hand is whether to go to Florida this winter or Alaska this summer, compromise, go to New England this fall. Compromise can solve a lot of issues.

What if however, the issue is whether to mug the old woman crossing the street or help her cross safely?  Is there a reasonable compromise?  Help her across the street, then mug her.  I don’t think that works.  Or, do you believe in Jesus when you want something from him, but not when it comes to the question of the morality of lying?  “Dear Jesus, please bring me an x-box for Christmas”, then cheat on your final exam?  That’s a compromise, isn’t it?  Believe in the grace of Jesus when you want him to provide, then sin against him when it suits you.

What about “combining two qualities.”  That can work. By combining an artist with a scientist, you might come up with an amazing discovery.  But, what happens if you combine the cleaning qualities of ammonia and bleach?  You make poisonous gas.  Can you combine good and evil and come out with an exceptable outcome?

The worse compromise, “a change that makes something worse and for no good reason.”  There is no good example of when that is good.  There are many examples of when it isn’t.  Such as a compromise of your values, ethics and morality.  That I am afraid is the most common trend in America.

The point of this.  Compromise in today’s society is being sold as a necessity for our growth as a country.  Reaching across the aisle or bipartisan efforts seem to be the “pat on the back” tout of politicians.  Their way of claiming to be able to work with the other party in order to reach an agreement that is supposed to be good for America.  Compromise on taxes, education, religion, etc., etc..

Are there winners and losers in a compromise, or because an agreement has been reached, is everyone a winner?

There are, in fact, clear winners and losers in compromise when the subject at hand is fundamentally fractured in polar opposite directions.  When the opposing views are dangerous and transgresses values, traditionally followed by the masses and agreed to by the masses as being proper, there can be only one winner in such a compromise.  The winner will always be that of the transgressor.

Looking at it in its most basic term, any compromise that transgresses the morality of God, is in fact Evil.  There is no middle ground.  A deal with the devil is not a deal you will come out of unscathed.  In this case, the devil is driving the agenda.

It is the agenda driver that has something to gain from compromise.  If you are a believer in the Lord Jesus as being your savior, then any other belief can only taint your faith.  You cannot compromise and tell yourself you will go to heaven because you are a nice person, so therefore, faith in Jesus is not needed.  That is a compromise that you will regret on your judgment day.

In the same sense, Americans cannot compromise their ethics and morality to the Progressive movement that is driving the current agenda in our society and politics.  Every time we reach an agreement with the Progressive movement, we lose a little bit more of our freedoms.  Every time we allow them to redefine the Constitution, we lose the core values that our founding fathers intended to protect by defining our rights as Americans in the Bill of Rights.

It must be understood that there is a right and a wrong direction to move our society.  There is no middle ground as long as the Progressive movement drives the agenda, for each compromise is another inch closer to subjugation by a strong central government.  One that would be extraordinarily difficult to break free from.

Compromise, as it pertains to good or evil, morality or perversion, freedom or enslavement cannot be allowed.  To compromise your morals, to compromise your freedom or to compromise your faith is a sin.  The eighth deadly sin.

First posted by Free America Ministry Sept. 2015. – Jeffrey Yenior

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Survival Trash

When I think of survival, I sometimes overlook the obvious. I’m looking for wild edibles, good drinking water, shelter and fire material from the natural surrounding around me. The obvious around me that I overlook? The trash so irresponsibly left behind by goof balls who were there before me.

Don’t be one of those goof balls. Pack out your garbage. Even though the obvious right thing to do is to not clutter our forest and fields, that doesn’t mean you don’t take advantage of it when the need arises.

A discarded beer can can become a canteen or a cook pot. A broken glass can become a cutting tool or even a spear head. If you are by water, look in the trees and brush for broken fish line. Hopefully, a fish hook is still attached.

Anytime you run across plastic sheeting, it’s a survival treasure. If it’s large enough, you can use it as shelter or drape over yourself for a wind and rain break.

Rope

Plastic Grocery Bags twisted into cords/rope.

If you know how to use bark and plant fiber to twist a rope or string, then you know how to do the same thing with strips of plastic bag. Use the same technique. The smaller the strips, the lighter the cord. You can twist small strips into fish line. A little larger strips becomes cord for tying shelter material. Large enough strips can be made into pretty strong rope.  There are tons of videos on how to twist rope. We don’t need another one, so I will provide a link to good one. Here it is. It’s a two part video with a bonus. He also shows how to use Stinging Nettle. One of the most useful plants you can find.

The point of this short blog, is this. When a survival situation occurs, don’t overlook the obvious. Use any material available and that includes junk left behind by some goof ball.

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Plants To Be Aware Of

So this is a cheesy re-post. Why would I be so lazy? Well, simply, because Spring has sprung, Summer is around the corner and so is camping, fishing, hiking and foraging. Why should I spend valuable time writing a blog reminding you what plants to avoid, when I’ve already done it? But I do want to bring this information back to the front of my readers mind. So do yourself a favor and click this link…I’m the link. Click it. Read it before you go venturing out. You might already know it, but a reminder never hurts. Enjoy the Seasons…Snow will be back soon enough.

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Some flowers from this Spring.

Learning survival means you are out in the woods looking for various flora that can be used. Just because you looking for potential food stores, it doesn’t mean you don’t stop and “smell the roses”, so to speak. It’s been a beautiful Spring in the woods so far. Hope you enjoy these photos I took looking for vittles.

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Bloodroot

IMG_0982

Jan snared a tree dog.

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Spring backwaters

Trillium

Trillium

Large-Flowered Bellwort

Large-Flowered Bellwort

Yellow Violet

Yellow Violet

Wood Anemone

Wood Anemone

Jack-in the-Pulpit

Jack in the Pulpit

Wild Strawberry

Wild Strawberry

False Rue Anemone

False Rue Anemone

Spring Beauties

Spring Beauties

Wild Pansy

Field Pansy

Trout Lillies

Trout Lily

Rouge River

Rouge River

Spring Beauties cover the forest floor.

Spring Beauties carpet the forest floor

Shadows creep across Spring Beauties.

Shadows cast on Spring Beauties

Trout Lilly rises above Spring Beauties

Trout Lily

Marsh Marigold

Marsh Marigold

These flowers are not only beautiful, but the following are edible. (Keep in mind, it is illegal in Michigan to harvest wild flowers on state land.)

Edible: Trillium, Yellow Violet, Large-Flowered Bellwort, Spring Beauties, Wild Strawberry, Trout Lily, Pansy and Marsh Marigold (boiled several times).

Non-edible: Bloodroot, Jack- in the- Pulpit and Anemone.

Don’t ever forget that eating the wrong plant can spell disaster. Always know what plant you have and that you are using it 100% correctly.

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Wild Flowers by Jeffrey Yenior Available soon.

During my studies of Wild Edible and Medicinal Plants, I have had the pleasure of photographing many flowers with an artistic intent. Many of which will soon be available through ImageKind.

Below are some of the images that will be available as a print or a canvas. Please enjoy. Soon I will provide a link where you can order prints and canvas’s for your home.

Please note: All photographs are property of Jeffrey Yenior. Using without permission prohibited.

I have many more that will soon be available. I will provide the link when the store is open.

 

 

 

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Hairy Bittercress Time!

Hairy Bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) is what’s for dinner. Today is March 12. Many a March 12 is still under a fairly large carpet of white, but not this year. Even if it were, the tasty little plant would still be under the snow ready to munch on if you really wanted to put some effort in to find it. Which isn’t really all that hard if you know where it was last year. It’s still there. Unless you did something foolish, like poison it.

So why go through the effort?  Why do you go through the effort for any of the food you eat? None of it comes without effort, but here are a few reasons you might consider. Superior Nutrition, Superior Flavor, Chemical Free and Zero cost.

So what is this early bloomer? Simply put…Mustard. Very similar to Watercress, which is the oldest known plant to be consumed by humans, Bittercress grows on land rather than in the water as does Watercress. Similar in leaf pattern and flavor profile, both are crazy nutritious.

Bittercress is extremely high in vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, beta carotene, antioxidants and sulfur-containing compounds which helps boost immunity and helps in cancer prevention.

Wintercress

Bittercress Rosette

The cool thing about this little dynamo is that if you pull 4 or 5 up from the roots and place it in some water, it will keep on growing in your kitchen. Trim it like any herb and it comes right back. So add it to salads for a nice mustardy bite or drop a hand full into the soup or stew. I like it on sandwiches or on a taco as well. It is awesome in scrambled eggs.

Wintercress2

Bittercress in container

Even though this is a fairly easy plant to recognize in its various stages of life, it is still crucial that you know 100% of the time what you are eating. Of course, the only real way to do that is to learn wild edibles and harvest for yourself. Otherwise, are you 100% sure what is in that food you are buying?

So, it has begun. It is time to start off the year exploring, learning, studying and eating wild edible foods. There are others out there, but Bittercress is my favorite to start off the foraging season with. Unless you like nutritionally inferior, expensive and possibly contaminated food, consider joining me.

 

 

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Spring Hasn’t Sprung, But It’s About To.

March is just a few day’s away. It’s a real transition month…sometimes. Sometimes it can just plain be cold and April plays the transitional role. But looking at my crystal ball and the long-range forecast, I would venture to say, it’s March’s turn this year.

So what does that mean for us outdoor weed hunters? Well, there are some outstanding wild edibles that will start making their presence known, even with weather that can’t make up its mind. Cold one day, warm the next, rain, than snow, freezing rain, sleet and warm sunshine. It’s enough to make a hibernating bear hit the snooze button. It’s also enough to get some hardy wild edibles ready for harvest.

Suffice it to say, all the wild edibles that you find are highly nutritious in their own way. The key word here folks is “edible”. Remember that 100% identification is a must all times of the year. I’m not going to blast you with too much information about each plant, but I do want to remind you that the foraging season is almost on us.

Here are a few of my favorites that you should start keeping an eye out for. Some obviously will be sooner than others.

Hairy Bittercress-One of my absolute favorite early spring edibles. A member of the Mustard Family, you can find the rosettes under the snow. Delicious mustardy flavor.

HairyBittercress1

Hairy Bittercress

Bittercress is very similar to Water Cress in appearance and flavor. Except you are going to find it in your garden and lawn vs a creek.

 

Purple Violets-One of the earliest blooming flowers in Michigan.

Jesus Eggs

Purple Violets as a garnish.

Sometimes, even under the snow. Great in salads and as a garnish.

 

Soon after the snow melts, start looking for fresh growth on Dandelions. Every part of the Dandelion is edible and nutritious.

Stinging Nettle-This is the best time to harvest this sharp plant. Look for the new sprouts, soon after the snow is gone, to start popping. With gloves, pinch off the plant at the ground.

Stinging Nettle Plant

Stinging Nettle

Don’t pull it. It will regrow. Wash them in cold water then boil like you would any vegetable. Once cooked, it’s ability to sting you is gone, but it’s ability to provide you with an abundance of vitamins and minerals is crazy. Oh, and if you like boiled greens with a bit of lemon and salt and pepper, you will see why the effort is well worth it.

 

White Birch- Harvest some of the buds and leaflets if they are present. Makes an awesome tea, especially if you were able to collect some of the Birch sap to use. A delicious Spring tonic that the Chippewa of the region depended on to detoxify from the long Winter eating sub-par food. Just don’t get crazy pulling off buds or chopping up the trunk. Take a few buds and only a small hole will suffice.

Of course, Morels and Ramps are on the way as well.

Many Mints can be found very early and make an amazing garnish, flavor enhancer and tea. Harvest some for when you have a stomach ache. It works well to ease discomfort.

Look around sheltered sunny spots for early Mallows. Awesome in a salad or use it in place of Okra for making gumbo.

Garlic Mustard makes an excellent pesto. Absolutely delicious. It’s an evasive species. Eat as much as you want.

Garlic Mustard spring

Garlic Mustard seedlings

Do be careful transporting it after it flowers and has gone to seed. You will spread its seeds everywhere and wish you didn’t. Also, don’t throw pieces of the plant outside. Put it down the disposal or something that destroys it. It will propagate from the cuttings.

 

Mullein is a fantastic cold remedy that can be found year around.

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Mullein

Use the fuzzy leaves and make a diffusion to get rid of phlegm. Look for last years tall stalks and you will find Mullein rosettes growing near by.

These just touch the surface and are some of my favorites. Look at what ever is popping up. Just make sure you identify it perfectly. You might find some of your own favorites.

 

 

 

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Risk Assessment for Survival

Risk Assessment may be one of the most important survival skills there is. So exactly what is it? Well, sometimes you run into a situation that your gut instincts tell you what not to do or what to do. For instance, jumping off a 5 story building. You pretty much know that isn’t a good plan. Risk Assessment is a bit different. It is the cognitive action of making an informed decision as to whether an activities reward is worth the dangers of the activity.

In other words, is it really worth walking across that thin ice to get to the other side of the lake? What is gained? Is the gain worth the dangers? What are the dangers? Is the situation dire enough to make it worth it? Questions such as these are the same questions military leaders ask before ordering their troops to do something.

Assessing the risk of an activity doesn’t always have to do with survival in the woods or out in nature in general, nor do you have to be a military leader to use it. Is that 6 pack of beer really worth venturing out in a freezing rain storm? Can you make it through the night without that gallon of milk or should you drive in the Blizzard to get it? Is that pot really worth smoking when you are looking for a job?

Risk Assessment is part of everyday life. But it is crucial when in a survival situation. Making wise decisions when lost in Nature can be the difference of living or not. How important is it to cross this river? 2 dukecreek

What would the benefits be? Getting to the other side, right? Well, do you see a house, that means rescue on the other side? Can you see the bottom? Or would it be wiser to just walk the bank down stream until you find a house?

The same process should be used when deciding whether or not to make camp for the night or try to walk out in the dark. Is the terrain rough? Do you have a compass? Do you have a flash light? Is someone in need of immediate medical attention?

Yarrow leaf 2

Edible? Yes or no?

One situation that you absolutely must use Risk Assessment is when making use of wild plants. It is crucial that you know 100% exactly what it is before consuming any plant. Mistaking a hemlock plant for a wild carrot will result in your funeral. Mistaking a poison ivy vine for a grape vine will result in a very uncomfortable few days…or longer.

So, are you starving to death? Not likely. Are you so weakened that you can’t continue without nourishment? I doubt it. Food in a survival situation can help in many ways, but is it worth the risk. Not if you don’t know 100% what you are eating. That’s why practicing plant identification before heading out into Nature is wise.

Risk Assessment is important everyday. It will keep you from making poor decisions in life and will keep you from doing something that might cause a survival situation.

When in Nature…it’s crucial. A mistake 5 miles from nowhere can be the difference between hypothermia and a pleasant walk in the woods.

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